Noam Chomsky, in full Avram Noam Chomsky is an american theoretical linguist whose work from the 1950s revolutionized the field of linguistics. Through his contributions to linguistics and related fields, including cognitive psychology and the philosophies of mind and language, Chomsky helped to initiate and sustain what came to be known as the “cognitive revolution". Chomsky also gained a worldwide following as a political dissident. He has analysed the pernicious influence of economic elites on U.S. domestic politics, foreign policy, and intellectual culture. Chomsky has spent more than half a century at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT), where he is Institute Professor Emeritus. He is the author of over one hundred books on topics such as linguistics, war, politics, and mass media.